The Beryl Radin Award

The Beryl Radin Award is for the best article published in JPART. It is awarded annually and presented at the Public Management Research Association conference.


Current Recipient: 

John B Holbein & Hans J G Hassell: When Your Group Fails: The Effect of Race-Based Performance Signals on Citizen Voice and Exit, 29(2), 268–286

Abstract

In recent years, performance-based accountability reforms have become widespread—particularly in the public education system—as a means of enhancing service delivery and citizens’ knowledge of and engagement with government. While an ever-growing literature has considered the overall effects of these administrative systems, few have fully considered the effect these have on underlying subgroups of relevance and inequalities in responses across these groups. In this article, we examine how citizens of various racial subgroups respond when governments send negative race-based signals about the performance of in- and out-racial groups. Specifically, we explore whether No Child Left Behind’s (NCLB) race-based failure signals affect racial groups’ use of voice in school board elections and their use of exit from local public schools. To do so, we combine school and voter administrative records in North Carolina with a regression discontinuity design that leverages exogenous variation around NCLB’s race-based school failure cutoffs. Consistent with our theoretical framework, we find that white and black citizens respond differently to race-based failure signals. We find the whites are more responsive overall: responding to failure signals of various types both by voting in local school board elections and exiting local failing schools. African Americans, however, seem much more sensitive to racialized cues—responding at the ballot box but not by exiting when their group fails. These results show that while performance accountability systems have broader effects than previously realized: shifting the composition of local elections and distorting the racial makeup of schools.

 


Past Recipients:

2018 – Sebastian Jilke & Lars Tummers, Which Clients are Deserving of Help? A Theoretical Model and Experimental Test?, 28(2), 226-238.

2017 – Sounman Hong, Black in Blue: Racial Profiling and Representative Bureaucracy in Policing Revisited. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 27 (4), pp. 547-561.

2016 – Christine Kelleher Palus & Susan Webb Yackee, Clerks or Kings? Partisan Alignment and Delegation to the US Bureaucracy. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 26(4), 693-708.

2015 – Richard M. Walker & Rhys Andrews, Local Government Management and Performance: A Review of the Evidence. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 25(1), 101-133.

2014 – Jason Grissom, Is Discord Detrimental? Using Institutional Variation to Identify the Impact of Public Governing Board Conflict on Outcomes. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 24 (2), 289-315.

2013 – Kenneth J. Meier & Laurence J. O’Toole, Jr. Subjective Organizational Performance and Measurement Error: Common Source Bias and Spurious Relationships. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 23 (2), 429-456.

2012 – Stéphane Lavertu, Daniel E. Walters, & David L. Weimer. Scientific Expertise and the Balance of Political Interests: MEDCAC and Medicare Coverage Decisions. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 22 (1), 55-81.

2011 – Joe Soss, Richard Fording, & Sanford F. Schram. The Organization of Discipline: From Performance Management to Perversity and Punishment. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 21 (supplement 2), i203-i232.

2010 – Carolyn J. Heinrich. Third-Party Governance Under No Child Left Behind Accountability and Performance Management Challenges. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 20 (supplement 1), i59-i80.

2009 – Keith G. Provan, Kung Huang, & H. Brinton Milward. The Evolution of Structural Embeddedness and Organization Social Outcomes in a Centrally Governed Health and Human Services Network. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 19 (4), 873-893.

2008 – Christopher M. Reenock & Brian J. Gerber. Political Insulation Information Exchange, and Interest Group Access to the Bureaucracy. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18 (3), 415-440.

2007 – David M. Van Slyke. Agents or Stewards: Using Theory to Understand the Government-Nonprofit Social Service Contracting Relationship. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 17 (2), 157-187.

2006 – Carolyn Hill. Casework Job Design and Client Outcomes in Welfare-to-Work Offices. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 16 (2), 263-288.

2005 – Young Han Chun & Hal G. Rainey. Goal Ambiguity in U.S. Federal Agencies. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 15 (1), 1-30.